Mexico to hand army control of National Guard, sparking outcry | Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador News

Mexico’s Senate has handed laws that may switch management of the nation’s Nationwide Guard over to the army, a contentious transfer that rights teams and opposition lawmakers say offers an excessive amount of energy to the armed forces and will result in abuses.

The Senate’s 71-51 vote in favour of the invoice on Friday comes after the decrease home of Congress already authorized the measure. President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador is predicted to signal it into regulation.

When the Nationwide Guard was created underneath a constitutional reform in 2019, it was positioned underneath civilian management – however most of its coaching and recruitment has been finished from inside the nation’s army.

Lopez Obrador, generally known as AMLO, has waved apart issues over the elevated militarisation of public safety, saying the guard should now be underneath army command to stop corruption.

However opposition events have stated they plan to file courtroom appeals difficult the brand new laws, which they argue violates the Constitutional assure on civilian management.

“Public security will not be achieved by violating the rule of regulation, by violating the Structure,” stated Senator Claudia Anaya Mota of the Institutional Revolutionary Get together.

The Mexican army has been criticised for a document of abuses and rights teams have warned that eradicating civilian management over the Nationwide Guard may result in related violations.

“We’ve got already seen the disastrous outcomes of the militarization of public safety forces in Mexico over the past 16 years,” Edith Olivares Ferreto, government director of Amnesty Worldwide Mexico, stated in a press release on Friday, criticising the Senate’s resolution.

“We name on the chief department to design a plan for the progressive withdrawal of the armed forces from the streets, prioritizing the strengthening of civilian police forces and the event of public prevention insurance policies aimed toward guaranteeing public security.”

Nada Al-Nashif, the UN Excessive Commissioner for Human Rights, additionally stated that “the reforms successfully go away Mexico with out a civilian police pressure on the federal degree, and additional consolidate the already outstanding position of the armed forces in safety in Mexico”.

“The safety forces needs to be subordinated underneath civilian authorities,” Al-Nashif stated in a press release.

However Lopez Obrador on Friday lashed out at critics, together with the United Nations.

“When did the United Nations take a stand?” he stated throughout an everyday information convention, questioning what the physique had finished to stop struggle from breaking out between Russia and Ukraine.

“These organisations that supposedly defend human rights, every one of these organisations are made up of individuals on the correct from completely different international locations of the world … as a result of they earn some huge cash for simulating, for pretending, for being go-betweens for authoritarian governments,” he stated.

Mexico has seen document ranges of violence in recent times, and members of the opposition and activists have accused the Nationwide Guard of varied instances of abuse.

The ranks of the Nationwide Guard, made up of greater than 110,000 members, are largely full of members of the military and marines. These officers retained their place within the army and have been thought-about on mortgage to the guard.

Earlier than coming to energy in 2018, Lopez Obrador had pledged to ship the army again to the barracks. However he has tasked them with all kinds of assignments, together with preventing drug cartels, serving to with varied infrastructure tasks, equivalent to a brand new airport within the capital, and constructing financial institution branches in rural areas.

Late final month, a Reality Fee investigating the 2014 disappearance of 43 college students stated that six of the scholars have been handed over to a military commander who ordered that they be killed. The stunning revelation straight tied the army to one in all Mexico’s worst human rights scandals.

Iran says Swedish national arrested on spying charges | News

The arrest comes amid rising tensions between Tehran and Stockholm.

Tehran, Iran – Iran’s intelligence ministry says it has arrested a Swedish nationwide on prices of spying after having him underneath surveillance for a while.

An intelligence ministry assertion on Saturday didn’t title the Swedish citizen or present any details about his age or whereabouts.

Additionally it is unclear if this is similar particular person whose arrest had been introduced by the Swedish international ministry in Could. On the time, Sweden had stated a vacationer in his 30s was arrested, however Iran had not reported the arrest.

However the Iranian intelligence ministry assertion on Saturday talked about that the arrested particular person’s travels have been monitored carefully from the unspecified time he entered the nation, and that his journeys have been “performed wholly exterior vacationer locations and practices”.

“Findings by the anti-espionage construction of the ministry present that the Swedish suspect was involved with numerous suspected European and non-European parts in Iran, utilizing skilled communication and safety practices and secrecy,” it stated.

The ministry stated the Swedish nationwide re-entered the nation a number of months in the past, shortly after “one other European spy” was arrested.

The person’s aim, it claimed, was to learn how the opposite individual was arrested and what info they’d, which led to the Swedish nationwide being arrested when making an attempt to exit the nation.

The Iranian intelligence ministry additionally stated the arrested particular person had a historical past of travelling to Israel, Iran’s arch foe.

In Could, Iranian intelligence arrested two French nationals accused of serving to organise protests by academics.

Previously week, Iranian intelligence and regulation enforcement businesses have introduced the arrests of two separate groups allegedly working for Israel’s Mossad spy company.

The information of the Swedish nationwide’s arrest comes amid rising tensions between Tehran and Stockholm.

Iran has condemned Sweden for the arrest and trials of Hamid Nouri, an Iranian citizen who was sentenced to life in jail earlier this month.

Nouri was convicted of homicide throughout his time as assistant to the deputy prosecutor on the Gohardasht jail exterior the Iranian metropolis of Karaj in 1988.

Tehran recalled its ambassador to Sweden final week for “consultations” however stated it has no speedy plans to chop or cut back diplomatic ties.

Iran can be holding Ahmad Reza Jalali, an Iranian-Swedish researcher, imprisoned since 2016 over espionage prices.

Jalali was sentenced to dying however his sentence has but to be carried out regardless of reviews earlier this 12 months that he may very well be executed earlier than the top of Could.

Ukrainian troops land on Snake Island to raise national flag | Russia-Ukraine war News

Ukrainian officers submit footage of troopers elevating flag on strategic island; Russia later says it fired missiles and ‘destroyed’ navy personnel.

Ukrainian troops have landed on Snake Island the place they raised Ukraine’s flag, based on officers, one week after Russian forces withdrew from the strategic islet within the Black Sea.

Andriy Yermak, the Ukrainian president’s chief of employees, posted a video on Telegram on Thursday of three troopers elevating a big flag. The spokesperson for the navy administration within the southern Odesa area, Serhiy Bratchuk, additionally revealed a number of pictures on Telegram.

Later, Russia’s defence ministry mentioned a Russian fighter jet had hit and killed an unspecified variety of Ukrainian troops.

“At about 5am, a number of Ukrainian servicemen landed on the island from a motor boat and took footage with the flag. An plane of the Russian Aerospace Forces instantly launched a strike with high-precision missiles on Snake Island, because of which a part of the Ukrainian navy personnel was destroyed,” Russian defence ministry spokesman Igor Konashenkov mentioned.

The main points of the account couldn’t be independently verified.INTERACTIVE_Ukraine_SnakeIsland Map

Snake Island, or Zmiinyi, achieved worldwide fame when Ukrainian border guards stood their floor and impolitely refused a Russian warship’s ultimatum to give up after Russia’s invasion on February 24.

The flag hoisted on Thursday was signed by Odesa’s navy governor Maxim Marchenko and bore the inscription: “Keep in mind, ‘Russian warship,’ the island belongs to Ukraine!!!”

Captured by Russia from Ukraine initially of the warfare in February, the tiny island is strategically vital due to its proximity to sea lanes near Ukraine’s primary Black Sea port of Odesa, the place a Russian blockade has prevented grain exports from one of many world’s primary suppliers.

Russia mentioned it had pulled out from Snake Island final week as a “gesture of goodwill” to indicate it was not obstructing United Nations makes an attempt to open a humanitarian hall permitting grain to be shipped from Ukraine.

Ukraine mentioned it had pushed the Russian forces out after an artillery and missile assault.