UN told Myanmar has gone from ‘bad to worse to horrific’ | Human Rights News

Particular Rapporteur Tom Andrews says the individuals of Myanmar are more and more annoyed with a world neighborhood they really feel has failed them.

Tom Andrews, the United Nations particular rapporteur on human rights in Myanmar, has mentioned that circumstances for Myanmar’s 54 million individuals have gone from “unhealthy to worse to horrific” because the army seized energy final yr.

Chatting with the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, Andrews mentioned the worldwide response to the disaster attributable to the February 2021 coup had “failed” and that the Myanmar army was additionally committing conflict crimes and crimes in opposition to humanity, together with sexual violence, torture, deliberate marketing campaign in opposition to of civilians, and homicide.

Andrews was addressing the council on Wednesday, a day after it emerged that no less than 11 kids had been killed in a helicopter assault on a college in north-central Sagaing the place the armed forces claimed anti-coup fighters had been hiding.

Myanmar was plunged into disaster when Senior Normal Min Aung Hlaing arrested re-elected chief Aung San Suu Kyi and seized energy on the day the brand new parliament was as a consequence of sit.

Folks took to the streets in mass protests and commenced a nationwide motion of civil disobedience to which the army responded with drive, main some civilians to take up arms. Greater than 2,300 individuals have been killed because the coup and 1000’s arrested, in accordance with the Help Affiliation for Political Prisoners, a civil society group monitoring the state of affairs.

Andrews advised the Human Rights Council that 295 kids had been amongst these in detention, whereas no less than 84 political prisoners had been on demise row.

The army triggered outrage in July when it hung 4 pro-democracy activists, together with a outstanding former member of Aung San Suu Kyi’s Nationwide League for Democracy, marking the primary use of the demise penalty because the late Eighties.

Min Aung Hlaing smiles broadly as he shakes hands with Russian President Vladimir Putin
Senior Normal Min Aung Hlaing secured a a lot coveted assembly with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Vladivostok earlier this month [File: Valery Sharifulin/Sputnik via AFP]

Earlier this week, the pinnacle of the UN group investigating human rights abuses in Myanmar additionally spoke to the Human Rights Council, telling member states that the scope and scale of alleged worldwide crimes happening in Myanmar had “broadened dramatically”.

Nicholas Koumjian of the Unbiased Investigative Mechanism for Myanmar (IIMM) advised the council that incidents following the coup had been now additionally a “main focus” of its investigations.

Senior generals and people with hyperlinks to the army have been hit with western sanctions, in addition to a number of the army’s personal companies, whereas some worldwide companies have pulled in another country.

In response, the generals have deepened ties with Russia, which has additionally been remoted over its invasion of Ukraine.

Given the state of affairs, Andrews mentioned the worldwide neighborhood wanted to take “stronger, simpler motion to deprive the junta and its forces of income, weapons and legitimacy”.

The Affiliation of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), which admitted Myanmar as a member in 1997, has been main diplomatic efforts to resolve the disaster, however the generals have ignored the five-point consensus that was agreed in April 2021.

In consequence ASEAN has barred army appointees from its annual summit, however earlier this week Malaysia’s International Minister Saifuddin Abdullah mentioned the group wanted to think about whether or not extra wanted to be carried out and whether or not the consensus ought to be “changed with one thing higher”.

Saifuddin has additionally argued that ASEAN ought to have interaction with the Nationwide Unity Authorities (NUG) arrange by the elected officers who had been pushed from energy, drawing an indignant rebuke from the Myanmar army.

Russia can defend new regions with nuclear weapons: Medvedev | Russia-Ukraine war News

Putin ally says Ukrainian territories that vote to hitch Russia will probably be protected by Moscow as ‘sham’ referendums close to.

Dmitry Medvedev, the previous Russian president, has mentioned that any weapons in Moscow’s arsenal, together with strategic nuclear weapons, might be used to defend territories integrated into Russia from Ukraine.

Medvedev, the deputy chairman of Russia’s Safety Council, additionally mentioned on Thursday that referendums being organised by Russian-installed and separatist authorities in massive swathes of occupied Ukrainian territory will happen, and that “there isn’t a going again”:

“The Donbas [Donetsk and Luhansk] republics and different territories will probably be accepted into Russia,” he mentioned in a Telegram submit, referring to breakaway areas in jap Ukraine’s industrial heartland.

His feedback got here after President Vladimir Putin warned on Wednesday that Moscow would use “all obtainable means” to guard Russia’s “territorial integrity” as he moved to mobilise 300,000 reserve forces to struggle in Ukraine. The thinly veiled nuclear menace drew quick condemnation from an array of Western leaders.

Medvedev, who usually points aggressive statements on the West and Ukraine, added that the safety of all of the territories could be considerably strengthened by the Russian armed forces.

“Russia has introduced that not solely mobilisation capabilities, but additionally any Russian weapons, together with strategic nuclear weapons and weapons based mostly on new rules, might be used for such safety,” he mentioned.

INTERACTIVE Russia's nuclear programme

The votes to hitch Russia are as a consequence of happen within the Russian-held components of Ukraine’s Donetsk, Luhansk, Kherson and Zaporizhia provinces, in addition to a part of Mykolaiv province, from Friday – and are broadly anticipated to provide outcomes overwhelmingly endorsing becoming a member of Russia.

The votes, which is able to happen underneath army occupation with none outdoors oversight, have been labelled shams by Kyiv and its Western allies.

If formally admitted to the Russian Federation, the occupied territories, the place Ukrainian counteroffensives have gathered tempo in current weeks, will underneath Moscow’s nuclear doctrine, be entitled to safety from Russian nuclear weapons.

Moscow doesn’t absolutely management any of the 4 areas it’s anticipated to attempt to annex, with solely round 60 % of Donetsk and 66 % of Zaporizhia at the moment held by the Russian military.

US Senate ratifies international pact to curb greenhouse gases | Climate Crisis News

US senators approve Kigali Modification in 69-27 vote hailed by environmentalists as welcome step to deal with local weather disaster.

America Senate has adopted an modification to a global environmental treaty that might section out the usage of planet-warming greenhouse gases in a transfer hailed as a serious step to confront the local weather disaster.

In a 69-27 vote on Wednesday, the Senate ratified the Kigali Modification to the Montreal Protocol, pledging to finish the usage of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), generally utilized in heating, air flow, air con and refrigeration.

The Montreal Settlement, a 1987 world treaty, efficiently pushed to finish the usage of substances that deplete the ozone layer.

It has been amended a number of occasions to place in place extra strict environmental laws, together with a push in direction of supplies that don’t deplete the ozone.

The Kigali Modification, named after the capital of Rwanda the place it was finalised, was adopted in 2016.

Then-US President Barack Obama backed the measure within the last weeks of his presidency, however his successor Donald Trump, who pulled out of the Paris local weather settlement, didn’t submit the treaty to the Senate for approval.

In the USA, ratifying a treaty requires a two-thirds majority within the Senate.

On Monday, greater than 20 Republican senators joined Democrats within the evenly-divided chamber in a uncommon present of bipartisanship.

President Joe Biden, who formally requested the Senate to cross the modification late final yr, lauded the vote as “historic”, saying that Washington “is again on the desk main the combat in opposition to local weather change”.

“Ratifying the Kigali Modification will permit us to guide the clear know-how markets of the longer term, by innovating and manufacturing these applied sciences right here in America,” Biden mentioned in a press release.

“Ratification will spur the expansion of producing jobs, strengthen US competitiveness, and advance the worldwide effort to fight the local weather disaster.”

Democratic Senate Majority Chief Chuck Schumer referred to as ratifying the modification a “main step” that may assist fight local weather change and create jobs within the US.

“It’s a win-win that may go an extended technique to battle rising world temperatures whereas additionally creating good-paying American jobs,” Schumer wrote on Twitter.

Marco Rubio, one of many Republican senators who voted for the treaty modification, mentioned US producers had been already phasing out the usage of HFCs.

“Ratification of the Kigali Modification received’t alter US regulation, however it’ll have important advantages for American corporations manufacturing and innovating in heating, air flow, air con, and refrigeration tools by opening up further export markets,” he mentioned in a press release.

Almost 140 nations had beforehand ratified the modification.

Putin’s plan: What does partial mobilisation mean? | Russia-Ukraine war News

Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed a decree that can see 300,000 reservists referred to as to battle in Ukraine.

Russian President Vladimir Putin has ordered a partial mobilisation after Moscow’s troops suffered losses in Ukraine.

In a televised deal with on Wednesday, Putin warned Western nations supporting Ukraine that Moscow would defend itself with the would possibly of all its huge arsenal if confronted with a nuclear risk from the West.

The blunt warning from Russia’s chief marks the largest escalation of the battle since Moscow’s February 24 invasion of Ukraine started and accompanied the choice to name up 300,000 additional reservists.

Here’s what we all know:

What did President Vladimir Putin say?

  • On September 21, President Vladimir Putin ordered Russia’s first mobilisation since World Conflict II in an early-morning, pre-recorded televised deal with, saying further manpower was wanted to win a battle in opposition to Ukraine and its Western backers.
  • “To guard our motherland, its sovereignty and territorial integrity, and to make sure the security of our individuals and other people within the liberated territories, I take into account it essential to assist the proposal of the defence ministry and the Normal Employees to conduct a partial mobilisation within the Russian Federation,” Putin stated.
  • “We’re speaking about partial mobilisation. That’s, solely residents who’re at the moment within the reserves and, above all, those that have served within the armed forces have navy abilities and related expertise. Solely they are going to be topic to conscription,” he added.
  • “Conscripts will obligatorily undergo further navy coaching based mostly on the expertise of the particular navy operation earlier than departing to the items,” Putin stated, in keeping with an Related Press information company translation.
  • Putin’s speech got here after seven months of combating and follows latest battlefield losses for Moscow’s forces.
  • It additionally got here a day after Russian-controlled areas in japanese and southern Ukraine introduced plans to carry votes on changing into integral elements of Russia – a transfer that would set the stage for Moscow to escalate the battle following Ukrainian successes.

What does partial mobilisation imply?

  • Putin stated the conscription will start on Wednesday, with out offering a lot element.
  • Sergei Shoigu, Russia’s defence minister, stated he anticipated 300,000 individuals to be referred to as up overseas’s huge reserves of about 25 million individuals.
  • Solely these with related fight and repair expertise will likely be referred to as up. Shoigu stated that roughly 25 million individuals match this transient, however solely about 1 % will likely be drafted in.
  • “Generally, a full mobilisation would imply that any military-aged man, 18 to 60-year-olds, couldn’t go away Russia and would wish to hitch the navy. It’s unclear if this partial mobilisation signifies that,” stated Al Jazeera’s Gabriel Elizondo, reporting from Kyiv, Ukraine.
  • The UK’s defence ministry stated the transfer was seemingly meant to restrict the variety of desertions and designed to mitigate fast pressures on the navy.
  • Arme Petimezas, a senior analyst at AFS group, advised the Reuters information company: “It’s not but a complete battle for Russia as a result of there is no such thing as a full mobilisation. However I feel Putin is underestimated. He has escalated each time. For him, it’s life and demise. I don’t see why his subsequent transfer will likely be de-escalation except he wins.”

Why did Ukraine say?

  • Ukrainian officers have roundly ridiculed Russia’s newest steps in the direction of annexation and mobilisation, saying Moscow is behaving in a determined method having confronted battlefield defeats.
  • Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy’s adviser, Mykhaylo Podolyak, mocked Moscow’s newest steps in a Twitter publish.
  • “The whole lot remains to be in keeping with the plan, proper? Life has a fantastic sense of humour,” he wrote.
  • “210th day of the ‘three-day battle’. Russians who demanded the destruction of Ukraine ended up getting: 1. Mobilisation 2. Closed borders, blocking of financial institution accounts, 3. Jail for desertion,” stated Podolyak.

What had been the fast financial results?

  • The euro tumbled to a two-week low in opposition to the greenback, European inventory markets slipped, and traders piled into safe-haven bonds, pushing yields on German and US authorities debt down.
  • Buyers sought the security of US Treasurys and the Japanese yen.
  • British and Dutch fuel costs rose amid fears of a renewed hit to world monetary and power markets.
  • Russia’s rouble slumped to a greater than two-month low, heading in the direction of 63 to the greenback.
  • “The preliminary implications are clear: it’s a possible escalation which is adverse for the outlook within the eurozone, and so it’s unsurprising that the euro is weaker. It has boosted danger aversion extra broadly, so the greenback is stronger,” Colin Asher, a senior economist at Mizuho Company Financial institution, advised Reuters.
  • “It was attention-grabbing to me that greenback/yen dipped on the information of the announcement, probably indicating a return of the yen’s safe-haven credentials, which have been absent for a lot of the 12 months.”

Leicester: Call for calm after Hindu-Muslim unrest in UK city | Islamophobia News

Neighborhood leaders and native politicians within the British metropolis of Leicester have referred to as for an instantaneous finish to “provocation and violence” after weeks of unrest that was triggered following a cricket match between India and Pakistan late final month.

Leaders of Hindu and Muslim communities gathered on Tuesday morning on the steps of a mosque.

Pradip Gajjar, the president of town’s Iskcon Leicester Hindu temple, learn out a joint assertion saying they had been “saddened and heartbroken to see the eruption of stress and violence”.

“Bodily assaults on harmless people and unwarranted harm to property aren’t a part of a good society and certainly not a part of our faiths,” he added, in keeping with a video posted by the native Leicester Mercury newspaper.

Jonathan Ashworth, an opposition Labour MP in Leicester, condemned “stunning scenes of unacceptable incidents of violence”, in an interview with Occasions Radio.

The politician tweeted on Monday that each one within the metropolis “are united in calling for calm, peace and concord”.

Dozens of individuals have been arrested within the wake of the violence in probably the most multicultural English metropolis that has made headlines in India, Pakistan and the UK.

What precipitated the outbreak of violence?

So what precipitated the outbreak of unprecedented violence in Leicester, the place Hindus and Muslims have lived peacefully for many years?

Violent road clashes between some members of the Hindu and Muslim communities broke out after India beat archrival Pakistan in an Asia Cup match in Dubai on August 28.

After the match, a big crowd went out on Melton Street in Leicester, a few of them waving Indian flags, to have a good time India’s win over its arch foe Pakistan. Some within the crowd appeared to chant “Pakistan Murdabad” (dying to Pakistan), in keeping with movies shared on social media.

Police in Leicester reported a “sequence of incidents” in several elements of town over the next week.

On Saturday evening, a crowd of about 200 Hindu males marched within the metropolis, with some shouting – “Jai Shri Ram” (Hail Lord Ram) – a conflict cry for far-right Hindus in India. Quickly Muslims got here out on the streets resulting in scuffles.

The disturbances continued into Sunday with movies posted on native media displaying giant teams of youths sporting masks and balaclavas combating within the streets.

A Hindu temple was vandalised on the weekend as a bunch of Muslim males protested in response to Saturday’s unplanned march throughout which Muslim residents and store house owners had been intimidated.

Some members of the Asian group within the UK say the unrest might be linked to the rise in Hindu nationalism in India beneath Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

India’s ruling Bharatiya Janata Social gathering (BJP), beneath which minorities, significantly Muslims, have confronted growing assaults since 2014, has been actively working among the many diaspora Hindu group.

‘We is not going to tolerate violence’

Police in Leicester mentioned a minimum of 47 folks had been arrested. “The influence this dysfunction is having on our native communities just isn’t acceptable,” Leicestershire police mentioned on Monday.

“We is not going to tolerate violence, dysfunction or intimidation in Leicester and we proceed to name for calm and dialogue. Our police operations and investigations proceed with rigour and at scale.”

Police mentioned these arrested had been males, largely of their teenagers and 20s, and confronted prices equivalent to possession of offensive weapons or firearms, violent dysfunction and making threats to kill.

Police have obtained further powers to cease and search anybody in sure areas and take minors again to their houses. They’ve urged in opposition to “circulating hypothesis on social media”.

The town’s mayor has blamed social media disinformation for the escalation of the violence.

Neighborhood leaders are in shock on the violence in a metropolis identified for its communal amity. Hindus and Muslims kind a large part of town’s inhabitants.

“What we’ve seen on the streets may be very alarming,” Suleman Nagdi of the Federation of Muslim Organisations was quoted as saying by the BBC.

Sanjiv Patel from the Hindu group additionally expressed shock.

“We now have lived in concord within the metropolis for a lot of a long time however over the previous few weeks it’s clear there are issues that have to be mentioned across the desk to get out what persons are sad about,” Patel, who represents Hindu and Jain temples in Leicester, was quoted as saying by the BBC.

‘A balanced view’

Dharmesh Lakhani, one other Hindu group chief, mentioned the desecration of the temple was “unacceptable”.

“I’m actually proud to say on that day, when the flag was eliminated, there was an imam exterior. He mentioned I’m standing exterior the mandir [temple], ensuring nothing occurs,” Lakhani was quoted as saying by the Guardian.

The India Excessive Fee issued an announcement on Monday condemning the “vandalisation of premises and symbols of Hindu faith”.

“We now have strongly taken up this matter with the UK authorities and have sought speedy motion in opposition to these concerned in these assaults.”

However the Muslim Council of Britain, the UK’s largest umbrella physique for Muslim-led organisations, criticised the Indian Excessive Fee for its selective condemnation.

“While it’s proper that we condemn the desecration of Hindu symbols, you will need to characterize all Indians and likewise condemn the deliberate focusing on, intimidation and situations of assault of Muslims and Sikhs,” Zara Mohammed, secretary-general of the Muslim Council of Britain, wrote in a letter to the Indian Excessive Fee.

“There’s a clear hesitancy to name out these teams who’ve instigated this thuggery and their political ideology; which they appear to be trying to import from India.

“British Indian communities count on a balanced view from the Indian Excessive Fee, which represents the entire diaspora, which may also help heal divisions domestically.”

UN General Assembly: Who is attending, and what’s on the agenda? | United Nations News

World leaders will collect this week in New York to deal with the 77th session of the United Nations Basic Meeting (UNGA).

The conflict in Ukraine, local weather change and nuclear disarmament are prone to dominate speeches and discussions through the annual gathering that begins on Tuesday on the UN headquarters.

The theme for this 12 months’s UNGA is, “A watershed second: transformative options to interlocking challenges”.

Based on the UN, it “stems from the popularity that the world is at a essential second … attributable to complicated and interconnected crises”.

UN Secretary-Basic Antonio Guterres stated the gathering was taking place “at a time of nice peril”, with the world “blighted by conflict, battered by local weather chaos, scarred by hate, and shamed by poverty, starvation, and inequality”.

Audio system on Tuesday will embrace Brazilian President Jair Bolsanaro, United States President Joe Biden and Qatar’s Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani.

Here’s what you have to know:

Who will probably be attending?

Each UN member is invited to ship a delegation to the UNGA – probably the most consultant physique of the UN system. Every member state is allowed an equal vote when deciding on resolutions.

This 12 months’s session will happen in particular person for the primary time since COVID-19 was declared a pandemic in March 2020. For the previous two years, heads of state had been allowed to submit video statements attributable to pandemic restrictions.

The listing of audio system contains some notable absentees, with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese language President Xi Jinping amongst those that will ship their overseas ministers to the UNGA.

President of the Lebanon Michel Aoun delivers a pre-recorded speech at the 76th Session of the U.N. General Assembly at United Nations headquarters in New York, on Friday, Sept. 24, 2021.
A pre-recorded speech by President of Lebanon Michel Aoun on the 76th Session of the UN Basic Meeting at UN headquarters in New York, September 24, 2021 [John Angelillo /Pool Photo via AP Photo]

The place is it held?

The primary six periods of the UNGA had been held in several cities, beginning with London, New York, after which Paris.

Since 1952, practically all periods have taken place on the UN headquarters within the US metropolis of New York.

How do matters make it on the agenda?

Every UNGA session has a set agenda of matters that will probably be mentioned, voted on or referred to numerous sub-committees.

The matters embrace issues advised by member states or by different UN organs, issues put ahead by the secretary-general, and procedural issues pertaining to the meeting’s operation.

The UNGA’s Basic Committee units the agenda and the meeting finally decides how every agenda merchandise will probably be addressed.

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres
UN Secretary-Basic Antonio Guterres speaks through the Remodeling Training Summit on the sidelines of the UNGA at UN headquarters in New York Metropolis, US, September 19, 2022 [Brendan McDermid/Reuters]

What is going to UNGA concentrate on this 12 months?

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is anticipated to be a significant focus on the annual gathering, together with the worldwide meals disaster that has been aggravated consequently.

UN Spokesman Stephane Dujarric instructed Al Jazeera UN Secretary-Basic Guterres didn’t not see an “fast mild on the finish of the tunnel” when it got here to ending the conflict.

“Nonetheless, there are alternatives to mitigate the struggling in Ukraine and the UN could be very current with our humanitarian help in Ukraine, but additionally to mitigate the worldwide impression of the conflict – particularly the meals disaster,” he added.

Like earlier years, local weather change may even be a significant subject of debate – specifically the current floods in Pakistan, which have ravaged the nation and affected greater than 30 million individuals.

Whereas member states have lifted most or all coronavirus restrictions of their international locations in an try and return to pre-pandemic situations, points similar to entry to vaccines, monetary restoration and different associated issues will probably be an important speaking level.

What are UNGA resolutions?

Resolutions are handed in all UN councils, such because the Human Rights Council, the Financial and Social Council and the Safety Council, all year long. Membership of the person councils modifications cyclically.

UNGA resolutions are seen as an expression of the desire of the worldwide neighborhood on a given subject, though they’re non-binding, which implies they haven’t any authorized energy however carry symbolic significance in world affairs.

In distinction, resolutions handed by the 15-member UN Safety Council are typically thought of binding below worldwide regulation and member states are obliged to behave on them.

Blinken urges diplomacy as Armenia, Azerbaijan FMs meet | Politics News

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken hosts international ministers for first assembly since lethal border clashes final week.

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken has urged “a sturdy peace” between Armenia and Azerbaijan, as the highest United States diplomat introduced the 2 nations’ international ministers collectively for his or her first in-person assembly since an outbreak of violence final week.

Blinken hosted Armenian International Minister Ararat Mirzoyan and Azerbaijani International Minister Jeyhun Bayramov at a New York Metropolis lodge on Monday on the sidelines of the annual United Nations Common Meeting.

It was the international ministers’ first face-to-face assembly since two days of shelling final week.

Blinken stated he was “inspired” there had been no violence for a number of days. “Sturdy, sustainable diplomatic engagement is the most effective path for everybody,” he stated forward of the assembly.

“There’s a path to a sturdy peace that resolves the variations by way of diplomacy. The US is ready to do no matter it will probably to assist these efforts. And I’m grateful to each of my colleagues for being right here immediately to pursue this dialog.”

The assembly was held only a day after US Home Speaker Nancy Pelosi visited Armenia and condemned Azeri assaults, drawing complaints from Baku.

“The unsubstantiated and unfair accusations levelled by Pelosi in opposition to Azerbaijan are unacceptable,” the nation’s international ministry stated in an announcement. “It is a critical blow to the efforts to normalise relations between Armenia and Azerbaijan.”

The nationwide safety council in Armenia revised its demise toll from final week’s combating from 136 to 207, taking complete fatalities on each side to 286.

A ceasefire took impact on Wednesday after the outbreak of violence, which marked the worst flare-up since Armenia and Azerbaijan fought a six-week battle over the Nagorno-Karabakh area in 2020.

The 2 former Soviet nations have been locked in a decades-old battle over Nagorno-Karabakh, an ethnically Armenian enclave inside Azerbaijan that has been below the management of ethnic Armenian forces backed by Armenia since a separatist battle there led to 1994.

Armenia and Azerbaijan have traded blame for the most recent spherical of shelling, with Armenian authorities accusing Baku of unprovoked aggression and Azeri officers saying their nation was responding to Armenian assaults.

Talking forward of Monday’s assembly in New York Metropolis, Azeri International Minister Bayramov stated his nation is “glad with the extent of relations” with the US.

Bayramov additionally stated his direct talks along with his Armenian counterpart, Mirzoyan, weren’t uncommon. “We’re at all times open for conferences,” he stated.

Who is – and who is not – attending Queen Elizabeth II’s funeral? | Infographic News

World leaders and royals assembled in London for Queen Elizabeth’s funeral.

World leaders arrived in London to pay their last respects to Queen Elizabeth II.

The queen, who died on September 8 on the age of 96, was given a state funeral – the primary in the UK since 1965 following the loss of life of wartime Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill.

The two,000-strong congregation included world leaders, royal members of the family, representatives from charities, and people who made ‘”extraordinary contributions” in coping with the COVID-19 pandemic.

What time is the queen’s funeral?

The principle service started shortly earlier than 11am (10:00 GMT) at Westminster Abbey in central London, adopted by a committal service at 4pm (15:00 GMT) in Windsor and a personal service at 7:30pm (18:30 GMT).

The infographics and map under spotlight a few of the attendees and the individuals not invited:

Royal attendees

INTERACTIVE_QUEEN_FUNERAL ROYALTY

  • King Philip and Queen Mathilde of Belgium
  • King of Bhutan Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
  • Sultan of Brunei Hassanal Bolkiah
  • Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, Crown Prince Frederik and Crown Princess Mary
  • Emperor Naruhito and Empress Masako of Japan
  • King Abdullah and Queen Rania of Jordan
  • Crown Prince Sheikh Meshal al-Ahmad al-Sabah of Kuwait
  • King Letsie III of Lesotho
  • Hereditary Prince Alois of Liechtenstein
  • Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg
  • Malaysia’s Sultan Abdullah of Pahang
  • Prince Albert II of Monaco
  • Crown Prince Moulay Hassan of Morocco
  • King Willem-Alexander and Queen Maxima of the Netherlands
  • King Harald V and Queen Sonja of Norway
  • Sultan Haitham bin Tariq al-Mentioned of Oman
  • Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani of Qatar
  • Prince Turki bin Mohammed al Saud of Saudi Arabia
  • King Felipe VI and Queen Letizia of Spain
  • Juan Carlos, former king of Spain, and former Queen Sofia
  • King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia of Sweden
  • King Tupou VI of Tonga
  • Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, president of the UAE and ruler of Abu Dhabi
  • Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, vp, prime minister, and minister of defence of the UAE and ruler of Dubai

World leaders

INTERACTIVE_QUEEN_FUNERAL WORLD LEADERS

Americas

  • President Sandra Mason of Barbados
  • Governor-Basic Floyla Tzalam of Belize
  • President Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil
  • Prime Minister Justin Trudeau of Canada
  • Prime Minister Andrew Holness of Jamaica
  • Governor-Basic Susan Dougan of St Vincent and the Grenadines
  • President Paula-Mae Weekes of Trinidad and Tobago
  • President and First Woman Joe and Jill Biden of the USA

Europe

  • President Alexander Van der Bellen of Austria
  • President Nicos Anastasiades of Cyprus
  • European Fee President Ursula von der Leyen
  • European Council President Charles Michel
  • President Sauli Niinisto of Finland
  • President Emmanuel Macron of France
  • President Frank-Walter Steinmeier of Germany
  • President Katerina Sakellaropoulou of Greece
  • President Katalin Novak of Hungary
  • President Michael D. Higgins of Eire
  • Taoiseach (Prime Minister) Micheál Martin of Eire
  • President Sergio Mattarella of Italy
  • President Egils Levits of Latvia
  • President Gitanas Nauseda of Lithuania
  • President George Vella of Malta
  • Secretary-Basic Jens Stoltenberg of NATO
  • President Andrzej Duda of Poland
  • President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa of Portugal
  • Archbishop Paul Richard Gallagher, Vatican overseas minister

Center East

  • Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly of Egypt
  • President Isaac Herzog of Israel
  • Palestinian Prime Minister Mohammad Shtayyeh
  • Saudi Arabia’s minister of state Prince Turki bin Mohammed al Saud. Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (MBS) is not anticipated to attend the queen’s funeral.

Africa

  • Nationwide Meeting President Christophe Mboso N’kodia, Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • President Ali Bongo of Gabon
  • President Nana Akufo-Addo of Ghana
  • President William Ruto of Kenya
  • Vice President Yemi Osinbajo of Nigeria
  • President Paul Kagame of Rwanda
  • President Macky Sall of Senegal
  • President Cyril Ramaphosa of South Africa
  • Basic Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, Sudan’s army chief

Asia

  • Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina of Bangladesh
  • President Droupadi Murmu of India
  • Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif of Pakistan
  • President Ranil Wickremesinghe of Sri Lanka

Asia-Pacific

  • Prime Minister Anthony Albanese of Australia
  • Vice President Wang Qishan of China
  • Prime Minister Mark Brown of Prepare dinner Islands
  • Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama of Fiji
  • Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern of New Zealand
  • Prime Minister James Marape of Papua New Guinea
  • Head of State Tuimalealiʻifano Vaʻaletoʻa Sualauvi II, Samoa
  • President Halimah Yacob of Singapore
  • President Yoon Suk-yeol of South Korea
  • Prime Minister Kausea Natano of Tuvalu
  • Governor-Basic David Vunagi of Solomon Islands

Nations not invited

Britain invited heads of state or a consultant at an ambassadorial stage from any nation with which it has full diplomatic relations.

Nations not invited included Syria and Venezuela as a result of London doesn’t have regular diplomatic ties. Britain additionally didn’t invite representatives from Russia, Belarus or Myanmar after it imposed financial sanctions on these nations.

Why is 90-year-old Cardinal Zen standing trial in Hong Kong? | News

Political activist Alex Chow has not forgotten the kindness of Joseph Zen Ze-kiun, the retired head of the Catholic Church in Hong Kong, who came around him when he was behind bars 5 years in the past.

Cardinal Zen has lengthy been recognized for his work as a jail chaplain. On the day Chow met him on the Pik Uk correctional centre, a most safety jail in Hong Kong’s New Territories, the aged priest had taken a public minibus to the jail, some 40 minutes journey into the hills from the densely-packed metropolis.

The 2 talked for 45 minutes, “possibly an hour”, with the jail officer giving up his seat so Zen, then in his mid-80s, may sit down.  For Chow, jailed for his function within the peaceable 2014 Occupy Hong Kong protests, the cardinal was a supply of consolation and reassurance and a much-needed connection to the skin world.

“It meant lots to me,” Chow, who was later launched on bail forward of the attraction he finally received, advised Al Jazeera. “I may see his real concern for others and staunch opposition to injustice. I felt like I used to be genuinely in his prayers and one of many folks he cared about.”

The 90-year-old former head of the Catholic Church in Hong Kong now faces a trial of his personal.

On Monday he’ll face court docket with 5 others, together with standard Cantopop singer and LGBTQ activist Denise Ho, and lawyer Margaret Ng over a now-defunct fund that they set as much as assist pay the authorized charges of individuals dealing with trial in relation to the 2019 protests.

They had been arrested in early Could underneath the Nationwide Safety Legislation and accused of “colluding with international forces”.

Launched on bail, they had been charged on Could 24 with failing to register the fund.

From left, Hong Kong scholar Hui Po-keung, Catholic Cardinal Joseph Zen, barrister Margaret Ng and singer Denise Ho arrive for an appearance at a court in Hong Kong
Cardinal Zen was leaning on a strolling stick for help as he arrived in court docket with fellow defendants – scholar Hui Po-keung, left, lawyer Margaret Ng and singer Denise Ho – in Could [File: Kin Cheung/AP Photo]

All have pleaded not responsible and, within the 5 days allotted for proceedings, their defence is predicted to argue that the group had a proper to affiliate underneath Hong Kong’s Primary Legislation, the mini-constitution that has been in place for the reason that British handed the territory over to China in 1997.

Beijing imposed the safety regulation in June 2020.

“The Chinese language authorities needs to chop off all types of organizing and solidarity that run outdoors of the Communist Occasion’s management in Hong Kong,” William Nee, analysis and advocacy coordinator at Chinese language Human Rights Defenders, mentioned in an emailed response to questions. “The truth that Cardinal Zen is compassionate, caring, and well-respected in Hong Kong truly makes him a risk to the ruling authorities.”

Vatican criticised

Zen was ordained in 1996 and named Bishop of Hong Kong in 2002, changing into the chief of the territory’s Catholics, now numbering greater than 400,000. In 2006, in a ceremony in Rome, he was made a cardinal by Pope Benedict.

All through his profession, Zen has proven help for democratic reform and giving the folks of Hong Kong extra say of their authorities. He held a “walkathon” for common suffrage, lots in remembrance of the 1989 crackdown in Tiananmen Sq. and visited the Occupy Hong Kong website to supply ethical help to the hundreds who had gathered there.

After his retirement in 2009, Zen turned extra essential of Beijing, which broke off relations with the Vatican in 1951 and created its personal Communist Occasion-led Chinese language Patriotic Catholic Affiliation. He has been particularly essential of a 2018 deal underneath which Pope Francis recognised seven bishops appointed by Beijing, which was presupposed to deliver the mainland’s Catholics, thought to quantity about 12 million, collectively.

“Cardinal Zen made the final word self-sacrifice,” Andreas Fulda, creator of The Battle for Democracy in Mainland China, Taiwan and Hong Kong, advised Al Jazeera in emailed feedback. “Deep down he will need to have recognized that the dictatorship in Beijing would by no means budge. Undeterred he advocated for Christians in mainland China. Firmly dedicated to the precept of non-violence he was a part of an influential ecumenical alliance of religion leaders advocating for liberal democracy in Hong Kong.”

Pope Benedict XVI (L) gives the ring to new cardinal Joseph Zen Ze-Kiun during a Holy Mass in St. Peter Square, Saturday 25 March 2006 i
Zen turned the pinnacle of the Catholic Church in Hong Kong in 2002 and was made a cardinal by Pope Benedict in March 2006 [File: Ettore Ferrari/EPA]

The Catholic Church has been criticised for failing to take a firmer stand over Zen’s arrest and trial.

After he was charged on Could 24, pictured strolling into court docket leaning closely on a stick, the church launched a brief assertion noting that he had pleaded not responsible and that it will “carefully monitor” occasions.

“Cardinal Zen is all the time in our prayers and we invite all to hope for the Church,” it concluded.

On Thursday, when the pope was requested about spiritual freedom in China and Zen’s looming trial, he mentioned that whereas it was “not simple to know the Chinese language mentality”, it needed to be “revered”, in accordance with a report in Catholic Information.

On Zen, he mentioned: “He says what he feels and we see that there are limitations [in Hong Kong]”.

The pope, who spoke as he flew house from the Congress of Leaders of World and Conventional Religions in Kazakhstan, added that he most well-liked to “select the trail of dialogue”.

Reviews mentioned China’s President Xi Jinping, who was additionally on the assembly, refused an invite for talks with the pope as a result of his schedule was full.

‘Objective of life’

Zen’s trial is the newest in reference to the 2019 protests, which started with mass marches in opposition to a proposed invoice that might permit extradition to the mainland and, amid a perceived lack of motion from the federal government and heavy-handed police techniques, advanced into typically violent calls for for extra democracy within the Chinese language-ruled territory.

The group arrange the 612 Humanitarian Aid Fund in July 2019, naming it after the primary severe confrontation between protesters and police the earlier month outdoors the barricaded constructing of the Legislative Council the place politicians had been as a consequence of debate the contentious invoice. Police used rubber-coated bullets and tear fuel in opposition to protesters, and dozens had been arrested.

They wound up the fund in October final 12 months after police introduced that it was underneath investigation.

The fund’s closure, and the trial of those that based it, may also have repercussions for the hundreds dealing with expenses from the 2019 protests whose authorized prices may run into the tons of of hundreds of Hong Kong {dollars}.

CHRD’s Nee mentioned the shortage of funding choices may undermine these defendants’ proper to a good trial.

“It was potential earlier than to crowdsource a few of these prices however by slicing off the power to take action, Beijing will make it way more troublesome for folks to afford the authorized sources to mount a strong defence,” he famous.

Zen has been out on bail pending trial.

At his first public look after his arrest, he addressed the Salesian Vocations Workplace (China Province) about his motivations in life and why he had entered the priesthood.

He famous that the world was “chaotic” and that some had been pushed by the necessity to pursue “cash, wealth, and energy” however he believed life meant studying what it means to be an individual of integrity, crammed with a way of justice and kindness.

“That is the aim of life,” the retired bishop mentioned.

Regardless of his longstanding help for democratic reform, Zen had largely averted any backlash from the authorities.

After the bishop’s arrest, newly-installed Hong Kong chief John Lee, a former police officer and safety chief, mentioned the arrest was not associated to Zen’s background or beliefs, however that individuals who broke the regulation wanted to be held to account.

For Chow, now residing in america, the choice to arrest and prosecute a person many in Hong Kong regard because the territory’s “ethical conscience” is additional proof of how a lot the territory has modified.

“Him being prosecuted is telling,” he mentioned. “It actually exhibits how the Hong Kong authorities has shifted its mentality [and] the longer term trajectory of the way it may method spiritual freedom or political speech; whether or not Hong Kong will stay a free society or whether or not that’s lengthy gone.”

Japan’s fearsome super-typhoon: All you need to know | Explainer News

Storm Nanmadol has the potential to be probably the most damaging storm to strike Japan in a long time.

Hundreds of thousands of individuals in southern Japan have been ordered to evacuate as a super-typhoon bears down on the area.

Japan’s climate company issued a uncommon “particular warning” about Storm Nanmado with level-four evacuation directions – the second highest – in place for individuals in Kagoshima, Kumamoto and Miyazaki within the southern Kyushu area.

The storm made landfall late on Sunday. Right here is the newest:

What’s a super-typhoon?

  • Nanmadol was labeled as a super-typhoon by the US Navy’s Joint Storm Warning Centre (JTWC), which means it has the potential to be probably the most damaging tropical storm to strike Japan in a long time.
  • JTWC locations typhoons into 5 classes utilizing one-minute sustained winds to find out which class a storm falls into.
  • It designates tropical storms with sustained winds of 240 kilometres per hour (150mph) or larger as super-typhoons. Such climate techniques are the equal of a Class 4 or 5 hurricane on the Saffir–Simpson scale.

How many individuals are affected?

  • Native authorities have ordered 4 million individuals dwelling on Kyushu island to evacuate.
  • In Kagoshima prefecture, greater than 9,000 residents took shelter at evacuation centres.
  • In neighbouring Miyazaki prefecture, one other 4,700 individuals have been moved away from the super-typhoon.
This Saturday, Sept. 17, 2022 satellite image released by NASA shows Typhoon Nanmadol, which is approaching southwest Japan.
A satellite tv for pc picture from NASA exhibits Storm Nanmadol approaching southwest Japan [File: AP Photo]

What areas will probably be affected?

  • The Japan Meteorological Company (JMA) warned residents within the affected space of flooding, landslides, in addition to “unprecedented” ranges of highly effective winds and waves, and urged them to evacuate early.
  • JMA stated southern Kyushu may obtain 400mm (16 inches) of rain over the subsequent 24 hours and wind gusts of as much as 235kmph (145mph) whereas the central Tokai area may get 300mm (12 inches) of rain.
  • Nanmadol is forecast to show east and attain Tokyo on Tuesday.
  • The storm will curve east and go over Japan’s predominant island of Honshu earlier than shifting out to sea by Wednesday.
Fishing boats
Fishing boats are moored at a port in Minamata, Kumamoto prefecture [Yuichi Yamazaki/AFP]

How has the storm affected day by day life?

  • Kyushu Electrical Energy Co stated greater than 93,000 properties throughout the island are with out electrical energy due to harm to energy strains and services.
  • Public transport, together with trains and buses, in Kagoshima and Miyazaki was suspended.
  • Railway operators stated bullet trains on Kyushu weren’t working.
  • Comfort retailer chain 7-Eleven shut down 950 retailers, and Toyota Motor Corp stated it can idle manufacturing at three factories.
  • A whole bunch of home flights out and in of the area have been cancelled.
  • Extra flights are deliberate to be grounded in western Japan by means of Tuesday because the super-typhoon heads northeast, in response to Japan Airways and All Nippon Airways.