In Chad, a mobile school offers nomad children hope | Education News

Chad’s nomads make up virtually a tenth of the nation’s inhabitants and lots of youngsters in the neighborhood hardly get an schooling.

In a makeshift open-air classroom, dozens of kids sit squeezed collectively on a mat watching their trainer chalk easy sums on a blackboard – a uncommon probability of schooling for his or her nomadic group in Chad.

In response to the Denmark-based Worldwide Work Group for Indigenous Affairs, fewer than 1 p.c of nomad boys and “just about zero” nomad ladies had been registered for college in Chad as of 2018.

About 7 p.c of the central African nation’s inhabitants of about 16 million are nomads. They transfer tons of of miles from the south with their herds yearly when seasonal rains flip the semi-arid central areas inexperienced with recent pasture.

This lifestyle is centuries outdated however doesn’t permit nomad youngsters to entry Chad’s formal schooling system.

‘At this time, they will write their names’

Instructor Leonard Gamaigue was impressed to arrange a cellular college when he noticed youngsters taking part in at a nomad camp in Toukra, outdoors the Chadian capital N’Djamena, throughout college hours in 2019.

Leonard Gamaigue stands at a blackboard, we can see his profile and the sums he is writing on the board
Leonard Gamaigue teaches elementary arithmetic in an open-air classroom as a part of his cellular college programme at a nomad camp in Toukra, outdoors N’Djamena, on September 1 [Mahamat Ramadane/Reuters]

“Once we began, we had virtually nothing, not even a bit of chalk,” the 28-year-old recalled, after a lesson in late August throughout which the youngsters had fastidiously taken notes in train books on their laps.

Almost three years on, his college – which follows the group once they transfer on each two months or so – has 69 pupils of varied ages and fundamental provides because of donations.

“They’d by no means been to high school earlier than, none of them … right this moment they will already write their identify appropriately, specific themselves in French, do sums,” Gamaigue stated with satisfaction.

The trainer has additionally acquired an schooling in nomadic methods, studying to preserve water, stay off a milk-heavy food regimen, and get used to packing up and shifting the varsity.

After their lesson ended, the youngsters picked up the blackboard and positioned it gently below a tree to guard it from the rain that had earlier flooded components of their camp.

Extreme seasonal floods are among the many many challenges dealing with Chad, one of many poorest nations on this planet, the place one in each 5 youngsters dies earlier than their fifth birthday, based on the World Financial institution.

“We rejoice within the creation of this modest college for … our youngsters, who’re making progress regardless of our troublesome residing circumstances,” stated college guardian and camp chief Ousmane Brahim.

“We nomads didn’t know the significance of education, however these days we’re starting to grasp its significance for ourselves and for our nation.”

Israel admits to Gaza raid that killed children: Report | Israel-Palestine conflict News

Officers inform Haaretz newspaper that Israel was behind August 7 assault close to Jabalia refugee camp, contradicting earlier claims.

Israeli defence officers have confirmed that an Israeli raid on a Gaza cemetery killed 5 Palestinian kids throughout its assault in early August, based on a brand new report, contradicting earlier statements senior army officers made to native media.

A number of defence sources advised the Haaretz newspaper that a military inquiry into the August 7 assault concluded the 5 kids – Jamil Najm al-Deen Naijm, aged 4; Jamil Ihab Najim, 13; Mohammad Nijm, 17; Hamed Nijm, 17; and Nazmi Abu Karsh, 15, had been killed by an Israeli air assault on the Al-Faluja Cemetery subsequent to the Jabalia refugee camp in northern Gaza.

Within the aftermath of that assault, which got here throughout a three-day Israeli assault on the besieged enclave from August 6 to August 8, a number of senior Israeli officers advised Haaretz the deaths had been doubtless brought on by an off-course Islamic Jihad rocket.

The army didn’t publicly assign blame for the deaths and didn’t reply to an Al Jazeera request for touch upon the most recent report.

Diana, Hamed Nijm's mother cries as she was sitting in the family mourning house
Diana, Hamed Nijm’s mom cries as she was sitting within the household mourning home [Abdelhakim Abu Riash/Al Jazeera]

The silence was conspicuous after the Israeli army had individually shortly forged blame on Islamic Jihad after eight folks, together with kids, had been killed within the Jabalia refugee camp a day earlier.

The Israeli army mentioned it had not carried out any hits on the time of that assault, and later launched video footage showing to point out a number of rockets fired from Gaza, with one showing to fall quick in mid-flight.

Seventeen kids had been among the many 49 Palestinians killed within the three-day assault, which Israel described as a “preemptive operation” following its arrest of an Islamic Jihad chief within the occupied West Financial institution a day earlier.

Gaza children 2022

Talking to Al Jazeera after the August 7 killings, Hamed Najim’s mom famous the assault got here simply hours earlier than a ceasefire, which has since held, went into impact.

“Simply two hours earlier than the truce was introduced, he advised me he would exit for 5 minutes along with his cousins,” she mentioned. “Moments glided by after which we heard a bombing. We ran out to search out my son and his three cousins. They had been all minimize up into items.”

The Norwegian Refugee Council mentioned that three of the boys killed within the assault had been present process trauma remedy earlier than their deaths.

In keeping with information compiled by Protection for Kids Worldwide, a minimum of 2,200 kids have been killed by the Israeli army and Israeli settlers throughout the Occupied Palestinian Territories since 2000 – the start of the second Intifada.

Dear Future Children: A new generation of activism | Politics

From: Witness

Meet a brand new technology of activists bringing the world’s consideration to inequality, democracy and local weather change.

From South America, Asia and Africa, three younger ladies grapple with the results of their front-line activism.

Rayen protests for social justice in Chile; Pepper fights for democracy in Hong Kong; and Hilda battles the devastating penalties of local weather change in Uganda.

In every of their communities, they convey consideration to international points. On this movie, they share their hopes and desires in addition to their fears and doubts concerning the future.

A movie by Franz Bohm

Indonesian mothers fight for medical marijuana for their children | Health News

Medan, Indonesia – When Pika Sasi Kirana was born, there have been no indicators that something was amiss.

A bouncing child weighing 3.4kg (7.5lb), Pika quickly grew into an lively toddler and, by the point she reached kindergarten, was identical to any of the opposite youngsters in her class. An avid singer, she additionally liked to bop and journey her bicycle within the afternoons, filling her mom Santi Warastuti and father Sunarta with pleasure as they watched their solely youngster thrive.

However when Pika was about 5 years outdated, her well being took a sudden flip for the more severe. The little woman started to vomit commonly in school and suffered from fainting spells. When Warastuti, now 43, took her daughter to the physician in Denpasar on the Indonesian island of Bali, Pika was prescribed epilepsy remedy.

Her situation didn’t enhance.

“Nobody ever really mentioned the phrases ‘cerebral palsy’,” Warastuti, who labored as a dressmaker, advised Al Jazeera. “It simply confirmed up in the future on her physician’s notes.”

Following the written analysis, Pika’s well being deteriorated quickly, with docs seemingly unable to gradual the progress of the illness or provide any options to make Pika extra comfy.

“Each time I visited a health care provider they saved altering the doses or forms of remedy,” Warastuti mentioned. “Nothing labored.”

Warastuti began to search for different methods to ease the struggling of her daughter, who was unable to do something by herself and now wanted 24-hour care. Lastly, she stumble on an unlikely answer in a rustic identified for its strict drug legal guidelines: medical marijuana.

Warastuti first heard of medical marijuana when she was working in Denpasar and her European employer advised her how the drug was utilized in Europe and different international locations to ease a variety of sicknesses.

Warastuti campaigns for the legalisation of medical marijuana on the streets of Jakarta, Indonesia.
Warastuti travelled to Jakarta’s weekly Automotive Free Day to boost consciousness of her marketing campaign. The placard reads ‘Assist, my youngster wants medical marijuana’ [Courtesy of Warastuti]

When she moved again to her hometown of Yogyakarta within the hope of discovering more practical remedy for Pika, Warastuti met Dwi Pratiwi, one other mom and plaintiff in a Constitutional Courtroom case, who had taken her son Musa to Australia for medical marijuana remedy.

Musa, who additionally had cerebral palsy, has since died. But, by attending to know him Warastuti was capable of see firsthand how medical marijuana might assist these with the dysfunction — that impacts the power to maneuver and keep steadiness — by serving to ease muscular atrophy and enabling extra comfy sleep.

Analysis ordered

When Pratiwi advised that the moms take authorized motion, Warastuti didn’t hesitate.

Their quest to have the drug legalised in Indonesia for medical functions has encountered stiff opposition nonetheless, and on July 20, Indonesia’s Constitutional Courtroom rejected a movement filed by Warastuti, Pratiwi and one other mom whose youngster has cerebral palsy for a judicial overview of Indonesia’s Narcotics Legislation of 2009 that prohibits using marijuana for any purpose.

In line with Claudia Stoicescu, an affiliate professor in public well being at Monash College in Indonesia, the nation stands in stark distinction to its neighbours in the case of its authorized place on marijuana.

“Thailand legalised hashish consumption in June this 12 months and in Malaysia hashish use for medical functions has been legally regulated since final 12 months,” she advised Al Jazeera.

“In Indonesia, possession of hashish carries harsh sanctions, together with substantial jail time, usually in overcrowded and inhumane circumstances. These punishments by the prison justice system in opposition to hashish customers are far more detrimental to the well being, well-being and high quality of lifetime of the person than the hashish use itself.”

Warastuti says she shouldn’t be stunned the Constitutional Courtroom rejected the moms’ bid to legalise marijuana for medical functions however was happy the decide ordered the Indonesian authorities to conduct additional scientific research into the medical makes use of of marijuana.

“I knew that the authorized problem was going to be rejected, however the ruling has additionally pushed for analysis into medical marijuana which we have to admire. In Indonesia it’s onerous for folks to simply accept the legalisation of medical marijuana as a result of they assume that hashish simply will get you excessive, however there are good and unhealthy methods to make use of it.”

“It is sort of a knife which is supposed for use to chop issues, however can be used to stab somebody and kill them. But you’ll be able to nonetheless purchase knives in all places,” she mentioned.

Indonesia classifies hashish as a Schedule 1 substance, following the UN Single Conference on Narcotic Medicine of 1961, which signifies that it’s categorised as a drug with excessive potential for abuse, no accepted medical use and no protected degree of use underneath medical supervision.

Indonesian police destroy marijuana plants discovered in Aceh
Indonesian police destroy unlawful marijuana crops throughout an operation in Seulimeum, Aceh Besar, Aceh province, Indonesia. The nation classifies hashish as a Schedule 1 substance — a drug that has a excessive danger of abuse and no accepted medical use [File: Antara Foto via Reuters]

Nonetheless, medical researcher Stoicescu says the nation ought to reschedule hashish, one thing the World Well being Group has really helpful since 2019.

“Most researchers agree that occasional hashish use doesn’t result in well being issues for the overwhelming majority of people that use it. The Indonesian authorities, nonetheless, usually claims that hashish performs the function of a so-called ‘gateway drug’ which will result in involvement in different unlawful substances. Researchers disagree on this declare, and no causal relationship has been discovered between hashish use and using different substances,” she mentioned.

On the lookout for compromise

In line with Eka Prahadian Abdurahman, the department supervisor of the Dependancy Restoration Group Affiliation in Medan, North Sumatra, those that are in opposition to legalisation usually argue that the drug might be used for leisure functions.

“The federal government continues to be not keen to spend money on hashish analysis as a medical drug,” he mentioned, “whereas many abroad research which have been scientifically confirmed are additionally under-utilised by the federal government in favour of medicines made out of pure substances aside from marijuana.”

Abdurahman, whose affiliation backs legalisation, provides that redrafting the regulation to permit for marijuana for use in medical conditions shouldn’t be simple.

It’s not clear how lengthy it’s going to take for the Indonesian authorities to analysis the potential advantages of medical marijuana, and within the meantime, Warastuti says she is considering potential compromises.

Whereas she has but to consider extra authorized choices, she want to foyer sooner or later for the federal government to assist fund medical marijuana remedy in different international locations like Australia for Indonesian residents who want to journey there.

She would additionally like the federal government to contemplate permitting people to purchase medical marijuana from different international locations to be used in Indonesia with out worry of prosecution if full-scale legalisation in-country shouldn’t be allowed.

Again in Yogyakarta, Warastuti says the Constitutional Courtroom’s determination shouldn’t be the top of the highway for her and Pika, who’s now 14.

“I have to attempt every thing to assist my daughter and we’ll combat on and by no means surrender,” she mentioned.

“Perhaps it’s not my destiny to be the one to get medical marijuana for my daughter, however hopefully we have now began one thing, and sooner or later others will be capable of entry this remedy for his or her youngsters on account of my actions.”

Why does the US allow children to face decades in prison? | TV Shows

On Monday, June 27 at 19:30 GMT:
Almeer Nance was 16 years outdated when he joined two different folks in an armed theft that ended within the homicide of a retailer supervisor within the US state of Tennessee.

However although he didn’t hearth the deadly shot through the assault in Knoxville in 1996, Nance was tried as an grownup, convicted of felony homicide, after which sentenced to a minimal of 51 years in jail. In marked distinction, one other teenage confederate obtained only a one-year time period.

Nance’s case is the main focus of Fault Traces’ new movie “51 Years Behind Bars“. The documentary examines Tennessee’s strict legal guidelines on necessary minimal sentencing for homicide – that are being challenged on the state’s supreme court docket – and follows Nance’s household and supporters as they struggle to convey him dwelling.

Whereas Tennessee has a number of the US’s most punitive sentencing legal guidelines, different US states additionally take a harsh line with regards to prosecuting juveniles – particularly kids and younger folks of color. 13 US states, together with Tennessee, haven’t any minimal age for attempting kids as adults. “Youngsters as younger as eight can nonetheless be charged as an grownup, held in an grownup jail, and sentenced to excessive sentences in an grownup jail,” the Equal Justice Initiative says.

The distinction between how kids and younger persons are handled by US courts and jail methods and another elements of the world is stark. In Germany, kids below 14 aren’t held criminally accountable, whereas within the Netherlands the age of prison duty is 12.

Just lately, some US states have adopted a extra progressive method. Massachusetts in 2018 raised the age of juvenile court docket jurisdiction from seven to 12 – a part of a wider overhaul of justice legal guidelines which have resulted in a drop in arrests and jail time for younger offenders. Advocates for US reform say that adopting restorative justice is an efficient technique to rehabilitate juvenile offenders and restore the injury attributable to the crime, whereas additionally tackling stubbornly excessive recidivism charges throughout the nation.Why does the US enable kids to face a long time in jail?

On this episode of The Stream we’ll have a look at “51 Years Behind Bars”, ask why so many kids and younger folks convicted of crimes within the US face such punitive sentences, and contemplate what reforms are doable.

On this episode of The Stream, we’re joined by:
Rahim Buford, @Rahimbuford
Director, Unheard Voices Outreach

Rafiah Muhammad-McCormick
Co-ordinator for Neighborhood Outreach, Tennesseans for Options to the Dying Penalty (TADP)

Michael Bochenek, @MichaelBochenek
Senior counsel on kids’s rights, Human Rights Watch

UN raises concern over Haitian gangs’ recruitment of children | Child Rights News

1000’s of individuals have been displaced and dozens killed as gang violence escalates in Haiti’s capital, officers say.

The United Nations has expressed concern over the recruitment of youngsters by Haitian gangs, as escalating violence within the capital, Port-au-Prince, has pressured 1000’s from their properties and killed dozens of civilians.

The UN “is especially fearful in regards to the recruitment of minors inside the gangs, one of many six severe violations of the rights of the kid”, the Built-in Workplace of the United Nations in Haiti tweeted on Wednesday.

The UN in Haiti “condemns the armed gang violence ongoing since April 24 that has effects on the communities within the north and northeast of Port-au-Prince, which has killed dozens of Haitians and injured and displaced 1000’s of others”, it mentioned.

A day earlier, the UN’s deputy spokesman Farhan Haq warned that unrest was rising between gangs within the neighbourhoods of Croix-des-Bouquets, Cite Soleil, Bas Delmas and Martissant.

“In accordance with our humanitarian colleagues, violence within the commune of Croix-des-Bouquets has displaced greater than 1,200 folks … not less than 26 civilians have been killed and 22 injured, though these figures are most likely greater,” he mentioned, in line with an announcement.

Whereas gang violence has been an issue in Haiti for years, it has worsened within the aftermath of President Jovenel Moise’s July 2021 assassination, which plunged the nation into a good deeper political and social disaster.

Final week, a video circulated on Haitian social media exhibiting a masked pre-teen baby wielding a high-calibre computerized weapon.

Within the clip, taken in Martissant, a poor neighbourhood in western Port-au-Prince that has been totally managed by gangs since final 12 months, the boy explains he’s at battle with a rival gang’s chief.

The UN’s denunciation of the prison teams’ inclusion of youngsters comes as gang management has continued to unfold to town’s northern and japanese suburbs.

In an announcement launched on Wednesday afternoon, Haiti’s civil safety authority estimated that not less than 39 folks have been killed and 68 injured between April 24 and Might 2. It additionally mentioned about 9,000 folks have been displaced from three communities in suburban Port-au-Prince.

“Forty-eight colleges, 5 medical centres and eight markets have been closed due to the state of affairs,” the assertion mentioned.

Earlier within the day, the international minister of the Dominican Republic mentioned {that a} diplomat kidnapped in Haiti in late April had been launched after “4 days of kidnapping”.

The nationwide police and different authorities officers haven’t but commented on this newest outbreak of violence. In October of final 12 months, Haitian Prime Minister Ariel Henry condemned the rise in gang violence and kidnappings.

“If they don’t cease their wrongdoing, the legislation will apply to them,” Henry mentioned in a televised handle at the moment. “The one choice for bandits and all their sponsors is imprisonment or dying if they don’t wish to change professions.”