Russia can defend new regions with nuclear weapons: Medvedev | Russia-Ukraine war News

Putin ally says Ukrainian territories that vote to hitch Russia will probably be protected by Moscow as ‘sham’ referendums close to.

Dmitry Medvedev, the previous Russian president, has mentioned that any weapons in Moscow’s arsenal, together with strategic nuclear weapons, might be used to defend territories integrated into Russia from Ukraine.

Medvedev, the deputy chairman of Russia’s Safety Council, additionally mentioned on Thursday that referendums being organised by Russian-installed and separatist authorities in massive swathes of occupied Ukrainian territory will happen, and that “there isn’t a going again”:

“The Donbas [Donetsk and Luhansk] republics and different territories will probably be accepted into Russia,” he mentioned in a Telegram submit, referring to breakaway areas in jap Ukraine’s industrial heartland.

His feedback got here after President Vladimir Putin warned on Wednesday that Moscow would use “all obtainable means” to guard Russia’s “territorial integrity” as he moved to mobilise 300,000 reserve forces to struggle in Ukraine. The thinly veiled nuclear menace drew quick condemnation from an array of Western leaders.

Medvedev, who usually points aggressive statements on the West and Ukraine, added that the safety of all of the territories could be considerably strengthened by the Russian armed forces.

“Russia has introduced that not solely mobilisation capabilities, but additionally any Russian weapons, together with strategic nuclear weapons and weapons based mostly on new rules, might be used for such safety,” he mentioned.

INTERACTIVE Russia's nuclear programme

The votes to hitch Russia are as a consequence of happen within the Russian-held components of Ukraine’s Donetsk, Luhansk, Kherson and Zaporizhia provinces, in addition to a part of Mykolaiv province, from Friday – and are broadly anticipated to provide outcomes overwhelmingly endorsing becoming a member of Russia.

The votes, which is able to happen underneath army occupation with none outdoors oversight, have been labelled shams by Kyiv and its Western allies.

If formally admitted to the Russian Federation, the occupied territories, the place Ukrainian counteroffensives have gathered tempo in current weeks, will underneath Moscow’s nuclear doctrine, be entitled to safety from Russian nuclear weapons.

Moscow doesn’t absolutely management any of the 4 areas it’s anticipated to attempt to annex, with solely round 60 % of Donetsk and 66 % of Zaporizhia at the moment held by the Russian military.

What’s behind the latest setback in the Iran nuclear talks? | Nuclear Energy News

Video Period 24 minutes 10 seconds

From: Inside Story

European leaders say they doubt Tehran’s intentions to revive the 2015 settlement.

France, the UK and Germany have raised questions on Iran’s intentions to revive the 2015 nuclear settlement.

This comes days after Tehran despatched its response to the European Union’s newest proposed textual content for reviving the deal.

The three Western nations say Iran’s calls for are stopping talks from resuming in Vienna.

Iran has denied the European allegations.

So, is a deal nonetheless potential?

Presenter: Hashem Ahelbarra

Company:

Hillary Mann Leverett – former US Division of State diplomatic official and former US-Iran negotiator

Mohammad Marandi – media adviser for the Iranian negotiating crew in Vienna and a professor on the College of Tehran

Iran ‘carefully reviewing’ US response to nuclear deal proposal | News

Iran had despatched a ‘affordable’ response to the EU’s proposal to revive the nuclear deal final week, as negotiations proceed.

Iran is finding out america’ response to a European Union-drafted settlement that might restore the 2015 nuclear deal between Tehran and Western powers, Iran’s international ministry has mentioned.

Iran had already given its personal response to the EU proposal final week, which was described as “affordable” by the EU’s international coverage chief, Josef Borrell.

“This night Iran acquired the US response by means of the European Union. The cautious assessment of the response has began in Tehran,” Iranian international ministry spokesman Nasser Kanaani mentioned on Wednesday.

“Iran will share its view with the EU, because the coordinator of the nuclear talks, upon completion of Tehran’s assessment.”

The international ministry didn’t give any additional particulars on how shut the edges are to finalising a deal.

In 2018, below former President Donald Trump, the US unilaterally withdrew from the nuclear deal, which sought to forestall Iran from buying nuclear weapons in return for the lifting of sanctions.

Oblique negotiations to revive the deal have ramped up in latest months, with EU officers shuttling between the 2 sides.

US State Division spokesperson Ned Value confirmed that Washington had responded to Tehran’s feedback on the EU textual content. “Our assessment of these feedback has now concluded. We’ve got responded to the EU at this time,” Value mentioned on Wednesday.

The brand new deal proposed by the EU to revive the 2015 nuclear deal, formally known as the Joint Complete Plan of Motion (JCPOA), will likely be carried out in 4 phases over two 60-day intervals, sources with information of the proposed settlement informed Al Jazeera Arabic.

In response to the sources, the proposal stipulates that on the day after the settlement is signed, sanctions on 17 Iranian banks, in addition to 150 financial establishments, will likely be lifted, releasing billions of {dollars} in frozen Iranian funds and oil exports.

In return, Tehran will instantly start to reverse steps it has taken to advance its nuclear expertise, which is now past the scope of what the United Nations nuclear watchdog, the Worldwide Atomic Vitality Company (IAEA) says is appropriate.

Nonetheless, the EU proposal is claimed to not embody Tehran’s demand that the US raise its “terrorism” designation of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps.

Israel stays the largest opponent of the nuclear deal, and is now more and more alarmed on the obvious motion in the direction of an settlement.

Israel’s defence minister Benny Gantz will journey to the US later this week for a collection of conferences with officers to debate the newest developments.

Israeli Prime Minister Yair Lapid on Wednesday urged Biden and Western powers to name off the cope with Iran, saying that negotiators are letting Tehran manipulate the talks.

“The international locations of the West draw a pink line, the Iranians ignore it, and the pink line strikes,” Lapid informed reporters at a press convention in Jerusalem.

In March, oblique talks between Tehran and Washington in Vienna broke down after Iran requested the US to ensure that no future president would exit the settlement.

The Biden administration is dealing with home political opposition in the direction of restoring the deal from each Democrats and Republicans within the US Congress.

“I intend to systematically battle the implementation of this catastrophic deal, and can work with my colleagues to make sure that it’s blocked and finally reversed in January 2025,” mentioned Republican Senator Ted Cruz of Texas.

Is a return to the Iran nuclear deal imminent? | TV News

From: Inside Story

Optimism for revised accord following 16 months of negotiations.

Diplomats say they consider they’re near restoring the Iran nuclear deal, 4 years after america pulled out.

For the previous 16 months, negotiators from Washington and Tehran have been working with the opposite signatories to reestablish the accord.

The European Union laid down what it known as its last supply earlier this month.

Few particulars have been formally made public, however sources have advised Al Jazeera the brand new deal will likely be rolled out in 4 phases throughout two 60-day durations.

The EU’s international coverage chief says Tehran has given what he calls a “affordable” response to the proposal.

All sides are ready for the US to answer.

So what are the ultimate hurdles to a brand new settlement?

Presenter: Laura Kyle

Company:

Mohammad Marandi – Adviser to the Iranian negotiation crew

Hamidreza Azizi – Visiting fellow, German Institute for Worldwide and Safety Affairs

Alex Vatanka – Director and senior fellow, The Center East Institute

New York City defends ad on how to survive nuclear attack | Nuclear Weapons News

New York Metropolis officers defended the commercial, saying the timing isn’t associated to heightened tensions with Russia over the conflict in Ukraine.

New York Metropolis’s emergency administration workplace has come below scrutiny for a choice to air a public service announcement providing residents of the town recommendation on learn how to survive a nuclear weapons assault.

The workplace defended its resolution on Wednesday, stating that the commercial was meant to unfold consciousness of learn how to survive a nuclear assault within the occasion {that a} nuclear weapon was geared toward New York.

“There isn’t any direct risk to the town however we felt it was vital that we addressed this matter,” stated Allison Pennisi, head of public data for NYC Emergency Administration.

The 90-second commercial, launched on-line by the division on Monday, opens with an individual saying: “So there’s been a nuclear assault. Don’t ask me how or why, simply know that the large one has hit.”

The startling announcement is adopted by three items of recommendation: Get inside, keep inside, and keep tuned for extra data.

Metropolis residents are additionally advised to keep away from hiding close to home windows, suggested to look to officers for updates, and discard all outer clothes “to maintain radioactive mud or ash away out of your physique”.

The knowledge video ends with the host providing phrases of encouragement that some might discover insufficient for navigating the aftermath of a nuclear assault: “All proper? You’ve received this.”

The web site prepared.gov, which additionally affords suggestions for surviving a nuclear assault and includes a menacing picture of a nuclear blast as its background, echoes a lot of these options.

Residents of New York Metropolis supplied combined opinions on the commercial.

“I feel this message is somewhat alarming,” stated Lauren Hurwitz, a New York realtor.

“Fairly frankly, there’s so many different issues occurring to fret about.”

Officers have performed down options that the timing of the commercial was associated to heightened issues concerning the potential for a nuclear conflict between the US and Russia over the invasion of Ukraine.

White Home Nationwide Safety Adviser Jake Sullivan stated on Monday that the federal authorities was not concerned within the launching of the commercial.

New York Council member Joann Ariola advised the Reuters information company that the general public service announcement was merely certainly one of many advertisements that search to handle the issues of residents.

The town’s mayor, Eric Adams, additionally defended the choice at a press convention on Tuesday, denying that the commercial was “alarmist”.

As Russia and the US spar over Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, a debate has ensued about the opportunity of a nuclear conflict between the 2 superpowers and the way a lot that risk ought to affect US eager about its help for Ukraine.

Given the damaging capabilities of such weapons, even a slight probability of such a battle breaking out is seen by some as a cause for severe restraint and warning.

Nuclear-armed states spent greater than $82bn on such weapons in 2021, greater than half of which was spent by the US.

Different nuclear-armed states embrace the UK, France, China, Pakistan, India, Israel, and North Korea, and watchdog teams warn that the worldwide stockpile of nuclear weapons is anticipated to rise.

The US dropped two atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, making it the one nation to have used nuclear arms towards one other nation.

Syria’s Assad hoping for Iran nuclear deal success | Syria’s War News

Alongside Syria’s civil struggle, one other battle between Israel and Iran has been quietly carrying on.

Terrified of Iranian entrenchment throughout the border in Syria, Israel has pursued a “mowing the grass” technique to counter Tehran’s affect, which has entailed numerous Israeli assaults on Iranian-backed forces in Syria, from the Fatemiyoun Brigade to Hezbollah.

With Russia, a minimum of till this 12 months, not standing in the best way of Israel’s assaults in opposition to Tehran’s allies and pursuits in Syria, and america giving its unconditional help to Israel’s belligerence, Tel Aviv has been capable of act with complete impunity in Syria.

Due to this fact, it was not essentially an enormous shock on June 10 when Israel carried out air assaults that broken Damascus Worldwide Airport, forcing it to close down. Israeli media retailers have reported that Israel took this motion due to Iranian weapons being transferred to Syria by way of the airport.

The focusing on of the airport occurred in opposition to the backdrop of constant negotiations to revive the nuclear deal between Iran and the West. Negotiations have, nevertheless, stalled, with a reconstituted deal at the moment trying unbelievable.

If the nuclear deal talks collapse in acrimony, what would that imply for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s authorities and the way forward for confrontations in his nation between Israel on one aspect and Iran on the opposite?

In 2015, when the nuclear deal was first signed, al-Assad jubilantly hailed the nuclear deal’s signing as an “historic achievement” whereas anti-regime rebels expressed their fears that the accord would result in “a rise in Iranian affect within the area”.

Seven years later, a revived nuclear deal would equally delight the Syrian president. If Tehran and Washington can discover a center floor that leads to the deal being salvaged, Iran would turn into much less remoted on the worldwide stage, which might profit the Syrian authorities.

Such a situation would add to the considerations of the Turkish-backed Syrian opposition.

Sustaining their grip on components of northern Syria’s Idlib province, these anti-Assad forces fear that an easing of US strain on Tehran would possibly make al-Assad extra assured in his quest to reconquer each inch of Syria, threatening the hundreds of thousands of Syrians who’ve aligned themselves with the nation’s opposition.

Nuclear deal advantages al-Assad

Closely depending on Iran and Russia, Syria’s authorities stands to realize from both the Iranian or Russian economic system being much less sanctioned, notably because it makes an attempt to rebuild areas which have been destroyed within the struggle.

“Lifting sanctions will allow Tehran to profit from the windfall of upper oil costs and place it in a stronger monetary place to help with Syria’s reconstruction,” Randa Slim, the director of battle decision on the Center East Institute, informed Al Jazeera. “It’s going to improve commerce between the 2 international locations as Syrian corporations doing enterprise with Iran is not going to run the chance of getting sanctioned.”

But, contemplating how badly the nuclear negotiations in Vienna are shifting, with every passing day there appear to be fewer causes for al-Assad to have an optimistic outlook in direction of a possible revival of the nuclear deal, which may result in extra regional conflagrations.

The collapse of nuclear deal negotiations “will doubtless escalate tensions between Iran and Israel,” in response to Slim, who doesn’t count on the accord to be reconstituted. “Now we have just lately witnessed the rise within the tempo and scope of Israeli assaults in Syria.”

Camille Otrakji, a Damascus-born, Montreal-based Syria specialist, informed Al Jazeera that “there’s a clear sense of pessimism and frustration in Damascus”.

Ought to Washington and Tehran fail to revive the 2015 deal, al-Assad’s authorities would come beneath strain domestically and from its regional allies, similar to Iran and Hezbollah, to “significantly contemplate a army confrontation with Israel that many hope would persuade america to have interaction in negotiations to deliver a peaceable finish to the Syrian battle,” added Otrakji.

IRGC Aggression in Syria

Opponents of the nuclear deal continually criticise the nuclear deal for not addressing the non-nuclear dimensions of Iran’s overseas coverage within the Center East, underscored by the Islamic republic’s unwavering help for the Syrian authorities.

Continuously, voices within the US who consider that reconstituting the nuclear deal can be dangerous for Washington’s pursuits within the Center East level to the truth that salvaging the accord would put more cash into the Iranian state’s fingers, which might consequence within the elite Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) having extra assets for its actions in Arab international locations like Syria, in addition to Lebanon and Yemen.

Objectively, there isn’t any denying that sanctions aid on Tehran would put more cash within the Iranian authorities’s fingers, making the IRGC’s pockets deeper.

But, it may be argued {that a} collapse of the nuclear deal negotiations may very well result in additional Iranian exercise within the area.

“[It] will surely embolden Iranian overseas coverage and its ahead posture within the Center East, notably its foothold within the Levant and goals in opposition to regional rivals in Israel and the Gulf,” defined Caroline Rose, a senior analyst and head of the Energy Vacuums programme on the New Traces Institute for Technique and Coverage. “Whereas the dearth of sanctions aid will in fact perpetuate constraints and considerations associated to Iran’s economic system, it’s doubtless that the IRGC will search to undertake a extra emboldened strategy amongst its proxies inside the safety landscapes of Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Yemen.”

New US sanctions target North Korean weapons of mass destruction | Nuclear Weapons News

The transfer got here a day after China and Russia vetoed a US-led push to impose extra UN sanctions on North Korea over its ballistic missile launches.

The USA on Friday imposed sanctions on two Russian banks, a North Korean firm and an individual it accused of supporting North Korea’s weapons of mass destruction programme, growing strain on Pyongyang over its renewed ballistic missile launches.

The most recent American transfer got here a day after China and Russia vetoed a US-led push to impose extra United Nations sanctions on North Korea over its ballistic missile launches, publicly splitting the United Nations Safety Council for the primary time because it began punishing Pyongyang in 2006.

The vetoes got here regardless of what the US mentioned was a sixth check of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) by North Korea this yr and indicators that Pyongyang is getting ready to conduct its first nuclear check since 2017.

The US Division of the Treasury in a press release mentioned it focused Air Koryo Buying and selling Corp in addition to Russian monetary establishments the Far Jap Financial institution and Financial institution Sputnik for contributing to procurement and income era for North Korean organisations.

Washington additionally designated Jong Yong Nam, a Belarus-based consultant of an organisation subordinate to the North Korea Second Academy of Pure Sciences (SANS), who Washington mentioned has supported North Korean organisations linked to the event of ballistic missiles.

North Korea’s mission to the United Nations in New York didn’t instantly reply to a request for remark.

“The USA will proceed to implement and implement current sanctions whereas urging the DPRK (North Korea) to return to a diplomatic path and abandon its pursuit of weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles,” the Treasury’s undersecretary for terrorism and monetary intelligence, Brian Nelson, mentioned within the assertion.

China has been urging the US to take motion – together with lifting some unilateral sanctions – to entice Pyongyang to renew talks stalled since 2019, after three failed summits between North Korean chief Kim Jong Un and then-US President Donald Trump. The US has mentioned Pyongyang shouldn’t be rewarded.